Archives for June 2012

Medieval finds uncovered in Scotland’s Treasure Trove Report

Discoveries include a silver seal matrix from the 12th century, a Roman eagle head and a complete set of trade weights from the 18th century.

The Crusades: What were they and why are they still relevant?

Media portrayals of the Crusades depict them as fierce battles between Christian knights and Muslim warriors, while some suggest that they were an episode in a wider clash of civilizations between the Western Christian world and the Muslim Middle East. But are these depictions accurate?

Eilean Donan Castle in Scotland

One of the most famous castle’s in Scotland, Eilean Donan Castle dates back to the 13th century.

To Protect, Serve, and Sell Out: The Mongol Imperial Guard and the Roman Praetorian Guard

The first incarnation of the Mongol Imperial Guard differed from the Roman Praetorians, who were, from the moment of their origins, seen as an “elite unit” and an “important arm of the state and a formidable personal military power base.” The Mongol Imperial Guard under com- mand of Chinggis Qan, established in 1206, could be seen in light somewhat contrasting to that of the Romans.

The Representation of Christ in Byzantine Hermitages: A Comparison

The spread of Christianity had a tremendous effect on the culture and life of Cappadocia. Christianity was prevalent throughout the region as early as the 2nd-century A.D.1 During the 8th and 9th-centuries Arab invasions began to deplete the population and threatened to overcome the empire.

Domesticity, Intimacy, and Pictorial Space in the Fourteenth & Fifteenth Century Italian Renaissance

This connection between feeling and seeing is often exemplified in paintings that include depictions of either devotional or prominent secular figures within a carefully created domestic environment.

Cultural Changes in England resulting from the Battle of Hastings

This paper, in examining the reigns of the Ethelred, Canute, Harold Harefoot and Hardicanute, and Edward the Confessor, will show how they came to power, the legacy each left – if any — and how the events during each reign ultimately led to the Battle of Hastings, with William the Conqueror’s victory changing England forever.

Imagining Samarkand: Fruitful Themes in 13th-16th Century Literature on a Silk Road City

… Samarkand was seen as the last great urban Islamic stop.4 Perhaps because of this, the period between the Arab invasion of Samarkand and the Mongol invasion in 1220 fomented many of the mythologies about the city which will feature prominently in this paper.

Of Lemons, Yams and Crocodile Dung: A Brief History of Birth Control

Although used as both a cough remedy and a flavour enhancer in Roman cuisine, the true reason for silphium’s popularity was its reputation as a potent oral contraceptive. So great was the demand for this plant that the city of Cyrene was supported almost entirely by its sales, and by the 4th century C.E., silphium was extinct.

The Canon: Essential Artillery of the Medieval Medical Student

Used in the first medical universities in history, it was years ahead of its time, proving to be relevant in education half a millennium after it was originally written.

Tuscan village on sale on Ebay for 2.5 million euros

A medieval village, set in the Tuscan hills of Italy among castles and monasteries, can be yours for €2.5 million.

Eve and Her Daughters: Eve, Mary, the Virgin, and the Lintel Fragment at Autun

The lintel fragment of Eve from the Cathedral of St. Lazaire at Autun (Figure 1) has been praised by art historians as one of the greatest monumental figural works of the Romanesque period.

Famine and Pestilence in the Irish Sea Region, 500–800 AD

Michelle Ziegler examines the questions on why does plagues seemed so much worse in the Middle Ages. Why did medieval populations die so much more frequently? Was it because of malnutrition?

The useful plants of the city of Ferrara (Late Medieval/Renaissance) based on archaeobotanical records from middens and historical/culinary/ethnobotanical documentation

Today the well preserved Medieval centre of Ferrara still has numerous household and kitchen gardens. Nevertheless, a significant number of these plants also have alimentary/medicinal uses, documented both in contemporary historic-literarybotanic sources, and in Italian ethnobotanical sources

The Oldest Danish Book about Gardening

Our knowledge about which plants were cultivated in Denmark in the antiquity and in the Middle Ages is still improving, because of new excavations, studies of archives, better dating methods and macro- and micro- fossil analyses in old cultural layers.

From Monasteries to Multinationals (and Back): A Historical Review of the Beer Economy

With the spread of his Holy Roman Empire around 800 AD, Charlemagne built many monasteries across Europe, many of which became centres of brewing.

The Rabbit and the Medieval East Anglian Economy

The rabbit was a rare beast in medieval England, and much sought after for both its meat and its fur.

Malbork revitalization process

The following paper presents the key investments made in the town, since 2007, when Malbork adopted a Local Revitalization Program, and their impact upon its residents and tourists.

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The Treatment of Mythology in Children’s Fantasy

Fantasy stories trace their roots back to far older tales: the myths and legends of various cultures, which grew from oral storytelling in the days when myths were the only explanation for the mysterious workings of the real world.

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