By Tim Coughlan
Seanda: NRA Archaeological Journal, No.6 (2011)
Introduction: The discovery of substantial early medieval enclosures has been a hallmark of a number of road schemes in Ireland in recent years. These previously undocumented site types have significantly altered our understanding of settlement forms and burial practices during the earlier first millennium AD. Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd undertook excavations along the N9/N10 Kilcullen– Waterford Road Scheme: Knocktopher to Powerstown between May 2007 and April 2008 and investigated four such enclosures: Knockadrina 2, Kilree 3, Holdenstown 1 and Coneykeare 1.