By Ad Stijnman
Papier Restaurierung Vol. 1 (2000)
Abstract: Printing with oil-based ink is known in Europe from the 11th century, when it was used for decorating textile. Printing on paper is done here by the end of the 14th century. Although oilbased inks are usually considered stable, there are phenomena – such as bleeding, browning or blanching – which are typically related to printing ink on paper. To facilitate a better understanding of the presented phenomena the different printing techniques and their history, the inks, their properties and ingredients are outlined.