The launching of the First Crusade at the end of the eleventh century, and its success in capturing Jerusalem in 1099, would mark a turning point in medieval history. For the rest of the Middle Ages, crusades and crusading would play a fundamental role in many aspects of crusading society, including warfare, trade, politics and religion.
The following are various resources: articles, videos, books and more, about the crusades:
News about the Crusades and Crusading
A leading historian of the Crusades believes that 1099 massacre of Jerusalem’s inhabitants by the army of the First Crusade was not the result of religious fervour, but rather, “the cold-blooded implementation of…’ethnic cleansing’.”
Archaeologists and historians working in northern Israel have discovered the remains of a Templar and Crusader army who were slaughtered by Saladin in one of the major battles of the Crusades. The results of the excavations are now being broadcast on the program “Last Stand of the Templars”.
One of the popular images of the Crusades is the story of Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine taking 300 of her ladies-in-waiting with her on the Second Crusade during the years 1147-49. While this particular tale has long-been debunked, a recent article has shown that many other aspects of Eleanor’s role, and the overall effort of women during the Second Crusade has been emphasized too much.
A new University of Reading led study aims to investigate the environmental and cultural impact of the Baltic Crusades and its role in shaping modern Europe. Whilst the Crusades are famously associated with European attempts to recover the Holy Land, they were also a key feature of the expansion of European society in other frontier regions.
The city of Amsterdam played host to the 21st International Congress on Historical Sciences last month, bringing hundreds of historians together from a wide range of areas. Medievalists were well-represented with over a dozen papers dedicated to the crusades and the city of Acre in particular.
More Articles about the Crusades – general articles that span long periods
Sources on the First Crusade: Insights from Three Editors – with Carol Sweetenham, Susan B. Edgington, Bernard S. Bachrach and David Bachrach
Just some of the many interesting and insightful books about the Crusades:
Holy Warriors: A Modern History of the Crusades, by Jonathan Phillips
Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th–13th Centuries, edited by Malcolm Barber and Keith Bate
Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century, by Giles Constable
Crusaders and Settlers in the Latin East, by Jonathan Riley-Smith
The Chronicle of Prussia by Nicolaus von Jeroschin: A History of the Teutonic Knights in Prussia, 1190–1331, translated by Mary Fischer
Competing Voices from the Crusades, edited by Andrew Holt and James Muldoon
Fighting for the Cross: Crusading to the Holy Land, by Norman Housley
The Crusades in Fiction and Film
The First Crusade – from the program What If, this show poses the quite plausible hypothesis that the First Crusade did indeed fail. What would have been the consequences of such an outcome? Professor Chris Andrew poses the quite plausible hypothesis that the First Crusade did indeed fail. What would have been the consequences of such an outcome? Renowned expert on the Crusades, Professor Jonathan Riley-Smith, editor of The Oxford Illustrated Guide to the Crusades explains that, had they failed to take Jerusalem, there would have been no Crusading movement. He goes further: a victory for Islam might well have encouraged the Seljuk Turks to invade Europe with greater success than they achieved in later centuries.
The Crusades-Encyclopedia – edited by Andrew Holt
A History of the Crusades - full text of an important six-volume work about Crusades
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