Streets in Medieval Wrocław/Ulice średniowiecznego Wrocławia
Piekalski, Jerzy (Zakład Archeologii Średniowiecza – Universitetu Wrocławkiego)
Instytut Archeologii Universitetu Wrocławkiego (2010)
During the Middle Ages Wrocław, the main city in Silesia, continued to evolve in response to changing economy, laws and demography. During its preurban phase, which is dated from the tenth until early thirteenth century, it had a polycentric structure. The main centre was an earth-and-timber fortified settlement which included the residence of the prince and the cathedral, timber houses of the prince’s officials, ecclesiastic servants and an armed unit; there was also a trading settlement, two convents, residences of the elite, and several villages (fig. 1-2). During the first half of the thirteenth century Wrocław passed to the communal stage. The demographic basis of the new town commune were colonists from the German empire. Magdeburg town law was adopted and at first the town continued under the control of dukes from the Polish Piast dynasty. The new chartered town enjoyed considerable liberties but was under close economic control of the duke. It was planted on the periphery of the older settlement concentration. The rapid development of the new town in new legal and economic circumstances led to the deterioration of the older settlement pattern even before the end of the thirteenth century.