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Commercial relations between the Basque Provinces and England in the Later Middle Ages, c.1200-c.1500

Commercial relations between the Basque Provinces and England in the Later Middle Ages, c.1200-c.1500

Childs, Wendy R. (University of Leeds)

Itsas Memoria: Revista de Estudios Maritimos de Pais Vasco, 4 (2003)

Abstract

Basque activity in England and English Gascony is visible from the early thirteenth century, but many English records of this period describe the merchants and ships simply as ‘de Hispania’, and it is not clear how many were Basque. Possibly their role was already important in the first half of the thirteenth century, since men of San Sebastián were active enough at sea to have clashed with the men of the English Cinque Ports, and in 1237 they received a five-year safe-conduct allowing them to trade with England without harm from the Cinque Ports sailors.

Abstract (Spanish)

Las relaciones comerciales entre Inglaterra y las provincias vascas se remontan sin duda al siglo XIII, y posiblemente incluso al XII. La complementariedad de los bienes, junto a la proximidad de Inglaterra, su posición en la ruta principal hacia Flandes, y sus contactos con la vecina Gascuña hicieron que el comer- cio fuera atractivo, aunque las hostilidades políticas, especialmente durante la Guerra de los Cien Años, pusieron serios obstáculos a la relación comercial. De cualquier modo, la presencia vasca en puertos ingleses era ya intensa en las décadas de 1260-80, de nuevo en la década de 1320 y en la de 1350. Exportaban a Inglaterra principalmente hierro, vino y tinte (pastel), e importaban ropa inglesa….

Abstract (Basque)

Ingalaterraren eta euskal probintzien arteko merkataritza harremanak antzinakoak dira, XIII. mendekoak gutxienez, eta beharbada XII. mendean ere izango ziren. Ondasun osagarriek, Ingalaterratik hurbil egote- ak, Flandeseko bide nagusian kokatuta egoteak, eta alboan duen Gaskoniarekiko loturak merkataritza erraztu bazuen ere, etsaitasun politikoak, batez ere Ehun Urteko Gerraren garaian, eragozpen handia izan ziren. Alabaina, euskal presentzia handia zen Ingalaterrako portuetan 1260ko eta 80ko hamarkadatan, baita 1320koan eta 1350koan…..

Click here to read this article from Itsas Memoria


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