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THE PROCESS OF TRANCE, HEAVENLY AND DIABOLIC APPARITIONS IN JOHANNES NIDER’S FORMICARIUS

THE PROCESS OF TRANCE, HEAVENLY AND DIABOLIC APPARITIONS IN JOHANNES NIDER’S FORMICARIUS

Klaniczay, Gábor

Procession, Performance, Liturgy, and Ritual, ed. Nancy van Deusen, Ottawa: Claremont Cultural Studies (2007)

Abstract

Johannes Nider (1380-1438) is a frequently mentioned but rarely studied ecclesiastical writer and reformer of the first half of the fifteenth century. After entering the Dominican order in 1402in Colmar, he studied in Cologne then, between 1422 and 1426 at the University of Vienna where he returned at the end of his life as the Dean of the Faculty of Theology. He took part in the Council of Constance, and subsequently became a leading representative of the Dominican observance, in 1428 he was elected Prior of the Convent of Nuremberg, in 1429 he was sent as a new Prior to reform the convent in Basel. He was one of the of Basel, a prolific writer and polemicist, author of several successful treatises. His most popular work, probably inspired by the controversies at the Council of Basel, was the Formicarius finished between 1436 and 1438.

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