By Thomas Synder
Meeting of Minds Journal of Undergraduate Research (2010)
Abstract: Cardiff Castle is selected as a specific example for how Cultural Landscapes are defined. Its origin is from the Roman Fort built on the River Taff in the first century C.E. and the structure was abandoned until the Norman Conquest when a wooden keep was built; a stone structure was later built in 1140. The subsequent history shows how a cultural landscape such as this can change with time. These changes are described including the influence of the Age of Enlightenment under the landscape architect, “Capability” Brown, in the 1770s. Later began the major Victorian transformation under the first Marquess of Bute, John Stuart. The economic influence of the Industrial Revolution, the inspiration of the Arts and Crafts Movement and the resurgence of interest in Norse mythology is illustrated within the castle walls. Today, Cardiff Castle is the only castle in Britain owned by a city.