The Medieval Hospitals of St John the Baptist at Oxford and St Bartholomew of London From Foundation to 1300
Bridge, Gillian (University of Victoria)
Masters Thesis, University of Victoria (1999)
A study of the medieval hospitals of St Bartholomew of Smithfield, London and St John the Baptist at Oxford from their foundations in the twelfth century to 1300. Charters, cartularies, papal bulls, episcopal letters, visitation records and other documents were examined to shed light on the endowments and functioning of these hospitals asking the questions: who gave to whom, and why; where were these hospitals located and how did their architecture correlate to the physical and spiritual goals of such institutions; what was the role played by these hospitals in their communities? Contemporary notions of charity were investigated to place the great generosity shown by so many individuals to these two hospitals during the twelfth and thirteen centuries within the spiritual context of the period. Evidence was sought but not found in the records for medical treatment or for the presence of physicians and surgeons at these hospitals.