Oaks, Wolves and Love: Celtic Monks and Northern Forests
Powen Bratton, Susan
Journal of Forest History, V.33:1 (1989)
In 1967 Lynn White, Jr., published a controversial paper, “The Historical Roots of our Ecological Crisis,” which suggested that part of the blame for Western culture’s abuse of nature lay at the door of Christian tradition. Through the long scholarly battle precipitated by White’s analysis, historians, theologians, and environmental managers have both lauded and condemned Christian writings and attitudes concerning nature. In the field of environmental history, the academic squabble over the worth of Christianity as an ethical basis for environmental management has unfortunately resulted in sweeping summaries of hundreds of years of European and Middle Eastern religious thought and technological development. Dedicated to extracting an overall evaluation of Christian ecotheology, such summaries have paid very little attention to differences among individual religious sects or to the social milieus in which they arose.