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Archives for January 2011

Difference and the Difference it Makes: Sex and Gender in Chaucer’s Poetry

Difference and the Difference it Makes: Sex and Gender in Chaucer’s Poetry By Sheila Delany Florilegium, Vol.10 (1988-91) Introduction: “My indecision is final,” the movie magnate Sam Goldwyn is reported to have said, and I find the malapropism suitably expressive of Chaucer’s attitude toward sexual difference. My concern is not simply to decide whether Chaucer was […]

Exhuming Trotula, Sapiens Matrona of Salerno

Exhuming Trotula, Sapiens Matrona of Salerno By Beryl Rowland Florilegium, Vol.1 (1979) Introduction: In the catalogues of the mediaeval libraries as Canterbury and Dover are entries indicating that the monks once possessed copies of medical treatises attributed to Trotula, wise woman of the Salernitan School. Such works on the diseases of women were popular and their […]

Wynnere and Wastoure in Robert Thornton’s ‘Up Sodowne’ World

Wynnere and Wastoure in Robert Thornton’s ‘Up Sodowne’ World Byrne, Aisling Marginalia, Vol. 8, Cambridge Yearbook (2007-2008) Abstract In Wynnere and Wastoure we are faced with a poem which is artistically complex, physically incomplete and textually corrupt. This situation intensifies the imperative to bring all the available evidence to bear on critical interpretations. The ‘generous […]

Warfare in the Medieval Gaelic Lordships

Warfare in the Medieval Gaelic Lordships By Katherine Simms Irish Sword, Vol.12 (1975) Introduction: It is possible for a modern reader to exaggerate the contrast between the cattle-raids of Ireland and the art of war as practised elsewhere in medieval Europe. Sir Charles Oman and his followers have written in terms of major struggles between […]

Representation in the Gesta Henrici Quinti

‘Not in the strict sense a chronicle or history, and certainly not a ‘compilation’, it is rather an original and skilful piece of propaganda in which narrative is deliberately used to further the larger theme.’

The Meanings of Devotional Space: Female Owner-Portraits in Three French and Flemish Books of Hours

I would argue that owner-portraits create a new textual space for women. Indeed, they are the means of a new way, not just of seeing women, but also of women seeing.

The Fourteenth Century Tree of Jesse in the Nave of York Minster

The Fourteenth Century Tree of Jesse in the Nave of York Minster Reddish, Elisabeth York Medieval Yearbook, ISSUE No. 2, (2003) Abstract Window sXXXIII situated in the nave of York Minster is a heavily repaired example of a fourteenth century Tree of Jesse design. The subject is familiar to observers of medieval religious art and perhaps […]

Graeco-Egyptian Alchemy in Byzantium

The main concern of this paper will be with the problems raised by the reception of ancient alchemy in Byzantium.

Website features the history of Yorkshire Dales

History-lovers can now access a website about the historic lands in Yorkshire Dales National Park in northern England. Staff at the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority (YDNPA) have just completed a massive overhaul of the Authority’s Out of Oblivion website spanning thousands of years of human history. And the result is a more up-to-date and comprehensive […]

The English Inflation of 1180-1220

The English Inflation of 1180-1220 By P.D.A. Harvey Past and Present, no. 61 (1973) Introduction: Historians have for long been aware of the rise in prices that occurred in thirteenth-century England. In 1908 Sir James Ramsay gave examples to show that “prices were rising steadily and continuously” from 1200 to the death of Henry III. In […]

Middle English and Anglo-Norman in Contact

Middle English and Anglo-Norman in Contact Ingham, Richard (Birmingham City University) ENGLISH LITERARY SOCIETY OF JAPAN CONFERENCE, TOKYO UNIVERSITY, MAY (2009) Abstract Anglo-Norman: some ‘internet myths’ 1. ‘Anglo-Normans had an active command of Middle English, which had become, by the end of the twelfth century, their first language. From the 1160s, vernacular French had been declining and […]

The Wool Trade In English Medieval History

In the middle ages cloth was produced for local consumption almost everywhere, and export trade too was fed from a large number of countries; from England, from the Languedoc and from many of the Italian towns.

A Neglected Viking Burial with Beads from Kilmainham, Dublin, Discovered in 1847

A Neglected Viking Burial with Beads from Kilmainham, Dublin, Discovered in 1847 BRIGGS, C. S. Medieval Archaeology, Vol.29 (1985) Abstract The discovery of a Viking-Age burial in the Kilmainham-Island bridge cemetery, Dublin, comprising skeleton, spear, sword-fragments and beads, is described from antiquarian MSS sources. The surviving pieces are detailed and the deposit tentatively dated to the […]

Scandinavia After the Fall of the Kalmar Union: A Study in Scandinavian Relations, 1523-1536

The balance of power and control shifted in Scandinavia as the Kalmar Union, which had joined Denmark, Norway and Sweden together under one king since 1397, crumbled in 1523.

Iona in the kingdom of the Picts: a note

In his poem on the martyrdom of the cleric Blathmac mac Flainn in a raid by Vikings on the island of Iona in 825, the Rhineland poet Walahfrid Strabo describes that island as insula Pictorum, or perhaps more accurately, as being off the shore of the Picts: insula Pictorum quaedam monstratur in oris

The Baptism of Kiev

A thousand years ago, in 988, the Slav principality of Kievan Rus’, or Kievan Russia, came into being as one of a cluster of Christian States in Europe

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The Three-Dimensionalisation of Giotto’s 13th-century Assisi Fresco: Exorcism of the Demons at Arezzo

Giotto’s thirteenth-century fresco Exorcism of the Demons at Arezzo in the Church of San Francesco in Assisi is often referred to as marking the transition from the flattened medieval Byzantine ritualised image to the more spatially realistic perspectives of the Renaissance proper.

“Rural Towns” and “In-Between” or “Third” Spaces. Settlement Patterns in Byzantine Epirus (7th-11th c.) from an interdisciplinary approach

“Rural Towns” and “In-Between” or “Third” Spaces. Settlement Patterns in Byzantine Epirus (7th-11th c.) from an interdisciplinary approach By Myrto Veikou Archaeologia Medievale, Vol.36 (2009) Abstract: This paper constitutes the second part of an effort to re-evaluate the available analytical categories for settlements from an interdisciplinary post-processual approach. The first part was published as “Urban or […]

Gift exchange at the court of Charles the Bold

Gift exchange at the court of Charles the Bold By Mario Damel In but not of the market: movable goods in late medieval and early modern urban society, ed. M. Boone and M. Howell (Brussels, 2006) Introduction: Guillebert de Lannoy’s Instruction d’un jeune prince of ca. 1440 , one of the many so-called ‘mirror for princes’ of […]

Foundation Myth as Legal Formant: The Medieval Law Merchant and the New Lex Mercatoria

Foundation Myth as Legal Formant: The Medieval Law Merchant and the New Lex Mercatoria By Nicholas Foster Forum Historiae Juris (2005) Introduction: ‘Once upon a time, in the days before the misguided nation-state had become all-powerful, there was a Golden Age. In that blessed era, people traded with each other using an international, harmonious system of […]

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