BIBLICAL JUDITH IN THE IDEOLOGY OF QUEENSHIP OF THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES
Pac, Grzegorz (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Quest, Issue 6, Spring (2009)
His name as Bolesław is known, The offspring of Duke Wladislas, As God eternal willed for us. And Judith was his mother’s name, (A fateful sing?), as hers the same Who Israel’s salvation wrought By cutting Holofernes’ throat. A mighty son of our Judith bore Who conquered all our foes in war.
The text quoted above is the last part of the epilogue of the first Polish chronicle, written by the Anonymous author, known as Gallus. The author compares one Judith – the Polish princess and the mother of the main character of the chronicle – Bolesław III the Wrymouth – to another Judith, the biblical hero. We can, of course, say that it is a quite poor and simple rhetorical trope, based only on the fact that both characters share the same name.