The Social Division of Labor between Agriculture and Industry in the Pre-modern Society
By Jun-Ichi Sekine
Published Online (2003)
Abstract: In the pre-modern society agricultural and industrial production are allotted to different members of the community, and the social division of labor between agriculture and industry is formed. In this paper we explore what causes the social division of labor in the pre-modern society. First, consulting a few historical instances in actual pre-modern societies, we advance a hypothesis, in which job skills of a high order in some handicrafts play a critical role in the formation of the social division of labor. Second, building a simple mathematical model, we formulate the hypothesis in rigorous terms.