Ghazali on Miracles and Necessary Connection
Giacaman, George and Bahlul, Raja (Birzeit University)
Medieval Philosophy and Theology 9 (2000)
Ever since Muslim thinkers came into contact with Greek Philosophy and science in the seventh century, the relation between Islamic philosophy and theology has been an uneasy one. Muslim philosophers often felt compelled to defend their philosophical activities against the suspicions and attacks of the theologians, and some developed considerable energy and effort to the harmonization of philosophy and religion on some fundamental points.
Ghazali (d. 1111) was perhaps the most important Muslim theologian to attack the activities of Muslim philosophers. His Tahafut al-Falasifah (“Incoherence of the Philosophers”) constitutes the most systematic and thorough attack on Neo-Platonism by a Muslim thinker, and has had a considerable influence on the course of philosophical activity in Islam.