Max Dvořák and the History of Medieval Art
By Hans H. Aurenhammer
Journal of Art Historiography, No.2 (2010)
Abstract: Max Dvořák is known primarily for his book Kunstgeschichte als Geistesgeschichte as well as for his modernist interpretations of Tintoretto and El Greco which led to the rehabilitation of Mannerism. It may thus come as a surprise that, on the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of his birth, his former assistant Karl Maria Swoboda remarked that Dvořák actually devoted his lifework not to the art of the sixteenth century, but above all to the ‘universal-historical’ interpretation of the Middle Ages.