The Natural Rhetoric of Ramon Llull

The Natural Rhetoric of Ramon Llull

Johnston, Mark D.

Essays in Medieval Studies, vol. 3 (1986)


The Catalan theologian and philosopher Ramon Llull (1232-1316) is one of the most unusual figures of the later Middle Ages. His career is typically eccentric in the best medieval fashion. The son of a merchant nobleman on the island of Mallorca, he was raised at the court of Aragon, where he became a royal official; sometime around 1263 he experienced a profound religious awakening that left him committed to one great goal spreading the Christian Faith among nonbelievers by proving philosophically the truth of its beliefs to them. After several years of academic preparation (how and what is still unclear), he spent the rest of his long life engaged in missionary journeys to infidel lands, even reaching Armenia in 1301, visiting kings and popes in order to promote his plans, and writing nearly 300 works in Latin, Arabic, and his native Catalan.

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