Archaeological research at the parish church of Mary Magdalene in Čazma
T. Pleše, A. Azinović-Bebek
In 2003 and 2005, archaeological research was conducted at the parish Church of Mary Magdalene in Čazma. The foundations of earlier phases of construction were found, as well as 136 graves with a wealth of pre-modern finds (medallions, crosses, rosaries, jewellery, clothing and footwear).
The town of Čazma is situated between the northwestern slopes of the Moslavina hills and the Česma River, at a very advantageous geographic location. Čazma was first mentioned in historical records in 1094, when the Hungarian King Ladislav, during establishment of the Zagreb Diocese, granted, besides Dubrava and Ivanić Grad, the important trade centre Čazma1 as a holding to the bishop of ZagreKing Emerik granted the diocese an income and confirmed the estate in a charter from 1201. Together with an army, Bishop Stjepan I attacked Old Čazma (Chasma vetus; located at the site of today’s Ivanska) in 1223, setting fire to the Church of St. John and killing the clergy (ad ecclesiam beati Johanis de veteri Chasma).