Šiljeg, Bartul

Opvscvla Archaeologica Papers of the Department of Archaeology, Vol.32 No.1 May 2009. pp. 81-100


Three capitals from the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments prompted an analysis of identical capitals in Croatia, and even farther afi eld. They have been designated as Gradina-type, based on the best known examples from Gradina, in Solin. A similar group of capitals has been designated as Srimatype capitals. These groups are contemporary with each other and date to the period after the liberation of Dalmatia from the Ostrogoths, meaning after 537 AD. Th e Gradina type, found in arcatures, appeared in larger settlements in the sixth century: Dubrovnik, Split, Sikuli and Krk. Smaller capitals of this type are concentrated on the island of Brač and the mainland coast just opposite the island. The existence of a workshop on Brač can be hypothesized. The Srima type does not appear on church arcatures, rather it belongs to church furnishings. Finds are concentrated in the Makarska littoral and its hinterland. Based on the churches in Gata and Srima, the type has been dated to the period after the reconquest. Th ere are no capitals of this type on Brač, so the workshop should be sought in Salona. Analysis of the two types of capitals indicates intense, well-planned and rendered construction after Justinian’s reconquest, and will facilitate further analyses.

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