The Byzantine and Early Islamic settlement of Khirbat Shuwayka
By Ibrahim Abu A’mar, Marwan Abu Khalaf, Salah Al-Houdalieh, and Robert Hoyland
Web Journal of Cultural Patrimony, Vol. 1:2 (2006)
Abstract: The site of Khirbat Shuwayka lies on the south side of the modern Ramallah/el-Bira on the ancient road from Jerusalem to Nablus. This article covers the excavation of 2003 season which was shared between Al-Quds University and Oxford University. The results indicate the emerge of three distinct archaeological features: a residential complex in the northwest, a church in the north east and a winemaking installation in the south east of the site. The principal occupation of the site was in the Byzantine period (4th-7th centuries), and later in the Umayyad and Abbasid periods (8th-10th centuries) as a complex of simple domestic dwelling were uncovered.