The Role of the Town in the Bohemia of the Later Middle Ages
By Frederick G. Heymann
Journal of World History / Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale, Vol. 2 (1955)
Introduction: There is more than one reason why the early history of Bohemia’s cities, and of the middle class that developed them during the later Middle Ages, should be an object of interest. Already in the 14th century those cities – with Prague at their head – reached a state of economic and cultural prosperity hardly surpassed anywhere in Europe. And in the following century – an era of tremendous upheavals that shook all Europe – the cities, for a while, took over the leadership of the nation in forms otherwise unknown in European history.