A rural medieval settlement in Roxburghshire: excavations at Springwood Park, Kelso, 1985-6
Dixon, Piers with contributions by J D Bateson, L Bown, B Ford, D Grove, S Nye, J Turner, A Welfare & C Wickham-Jones
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 128(1998), 671-751
Few medieval rural settlements have been identified or excavated in Scotland. The site at Springwood Park survived in a ploughed field and was identified by scatters of medieval pottery. Excavation revealed only part of the settlement, a row of buildings on a river terrace which was occupied from the late 12th to the 14th century. Three main periods were identified, followed by levelling and abandonment. The earliest period featured post-set structures and plots defined by ditches; the two later occupation periods featured cruck-framed buildings with clay walls on stone footings. These later periods were each marked by a major reorganization of the settlement, with the buildings in the second period arranged end-on to the old river terrace along which the settlement was built, and in the third period rebuilt in a row facing the terrace. The project was funded by the Manpower Services Commission and Historic Scotland.