Deer and Deer Farming in Medieval England
By Jean Birrell
Agricultural History Review, Vol.40:2 (1992)
Abstract: The deer in the parks, chases and forests of medieval England were managed more actively, and with a greater skill and care, than is perhaps generalIy realized. Their owners derived considerable benefits from them, not only in the opportunity to hunt, which was often subsidiary, but in venison, a high status meat. Though deer were often privileged, deer farming was generally integrated into other agricultural or woodland activities; deer parks, in particular, were often efficiently managed units fulfilling a number of purposes, so much so that we as is so often done, as no more than status symbols.