“The Pale and Perfect Measured Parade”: John Steinbeck’s First Draft of The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights
Medieval Forum Vol. 4 (2004)
John Steinbeck abandoned his first draft of his Acts of King Arthur for a variety of reasons, and it was never incorporated into the version published after his death. The manuscript of this first version was recently donated to the Martha Heasley Cox Center for Steinbeck Studies at San Jose State University and is examined here for the first time and compared to both Malory’s and the published version. The first draft is a stylistically faithful rendition of Malory’s original and is closer to Steinbeck’s initial concept of the work as a “translation” that would remain close to Malory in spirit and style.